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福建师范大学2020年2月课程考试《大学英语(2) 》作业考核试题【标准答案】

时间:2020-01-19 17:41来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
福建师范大学网络与继续教育学院 《大学英语(2)》期末考试A卷 姓名: 学号: 专业: 学习中心: 一、阅读: 20% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 二、交际用语 20% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 三、语法与词汇: 30% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
福建师范大学网络与继续教育学院
《大学英语(2)》期末考试A卷  
 
姓名:       
学号:         
专业:
学习中心:
 
 
 
一、阅读:20%  (每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
 
 
二、交际用语20%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
 
 
三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
11 12 13 14 15  
           
 
四.英译汉:30% (答题请不要超出边框)
There is no separation for you between work and home.
Even when at home, your work is the top priority.
 You are totally committed and driven to work, and your happiness is found in your work.
 Work always seems to take precedence over family and leisure time.
You have no social life other than work-related events.
 
(翻译题请在此空白处答题,否则不得分)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
一、阅读:20% (所有答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
 ( 1 )
Cars are important in the United States. Without a car most people feel that they are poor. And even if a person is poor he doesn’t feel really poor when he has a car. Henry Ford was the man who first started making cars in large numbers. He probably didn’t know how much the car was going to affect American culture. The car made the United States a nation on wheels. And it helped make the United States what it is today.
There are three main reasons the car became so popular in the United States. First of all, the country is a huge one and Americans like to move around in it. The car provides the most comfortable and cheapest form of transportation. With a car people can go any place without spending a lot of money.
The second reason cars are popular is the fact that the United States never really developed an efficient and inexpensive form of public transportation. Long-distance trains have never been as common in the United States as they are in other parts of the world. Nowadays there is a good system of air-service provided by planes. But it is too expensive to be used frequently.
The third reason is the most important one, though. The American spirit of independence is what really made cars popular. Americans don’t like to wait for a bus or a train or even a plane. They don’t like to have to follow an exact schedule. A car gives them the freedom to schedule their own time. And this is the freedom that Americans want most to have.
The gas shortage has caused a big problem for Americans. But the answer will not be a bigger system of public transportation. The real solution will have to be a new kind of car, one that does not use so much gas.
1. When do most Americans feel they are poor?
  A. When they don’t have a car.      
B. When they live in a huge country.
  C. When they don’t use planes.      
D. When they have a car.
2. What is the most important reason that cars become popular in the United States?
  A. Because Americans like to be independent.
  B. Because public transportation is not so good.
  C. Because the United States is huge.
  D. Because Americans like to move around.
3. What public transportation is good in the United States?
  A. Buses    B. Trains   C. Taxis     D. Planes
4. What has caused a big problem for Americans?
  A. A new kind of car.           B. Public transportation.
  C. Poor people.               D. The gas shortage.
5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned according to this passage?
  A. Cars have made the nation on wheels.
  B. Cars have made the United States have a gas shortage.
  C. Nearly 80% of the American people have cars.
  D. Cars have made American independent.
 
( 2 )
A few years ago it was common to speak of a generation gap between young people and their elders. Parents said that children did not respect and listen to them, while children said that their parents did not understand them at all. What had gone wrong? Why had the generation gap suddenly appeared? Actually, the generation gap has been around for a long time. Many people argue that it is built into every part of our society.
One important cause of the generation gap is the opportunity that young people have to choose their own ways of life. In a more traditional society, when children grow up, they are expected to live in the same area as their parents, to marry people that their parents know and like, and often to continue the family jobs. In our society, young people often travel great distances for their education, move out of the family at an early age, marry or live with people whom their parents have never met, and choose jobs different from those of their parents.
In our society, parents often expect their children to do better than they did, to find better jobs, to make more money and to do all the things that they were unable to do. Often, that is another cause of the gap between them. Often, they discover that they have very little in common with each other.
Finally, the speed at which changes take place in our society is the third cause of the gap between the generations. In a traditional culture, senior people are valued for their knowledge, but in our society the knowledge of a lifetime may become out of date. The young and the old seem to live in two very different worlds, separated by different skills and abilities. No doubt, the generation gap will continue in American life for some time to come.
6. The first paragraph tells us that ______.
A. the problem of the generation gap draws much attention from people
B. it is out of date to talk about the generation gap
C. children and parents are trying to understand each other
D. it is very important for people to frequently communicate with each other
7. In a more traditional society, old people_______.
A. have their children respect and listen to them
B. do not care for their children at all
   C. expect their children to rebel against them
   D. do not live together with their children
8. In American society young people________.
A. do not need to find jobs
B. leave home at an early age
C. have better education than their parents
D. marry people younger than them
9. Which of the following is NOT the cause of the generation gap?
A. Young people like to depend more on themselves.
B. Parents do not love their children dearly.
C. American society changes rapidly.
D. Parents expect too much of their children.
10. The main idea of the passage is ________.
A. that the generation gap needs considering
B. when the generation gap is necessary in American society
C. why the generation gap exist
D. how we can reduce the generation gap
 
二、交际用语(此部分共有10个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请你从ABCD四个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。) 20%  (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. — How’s your mother doing?
—________________________.
A. She is very kind.            B. She is very well.
C. She is not very old.          D. She is doing shopping now.
2. — How did Mr. Jones get to the cinema?
—________________________.
A. At 10 o’clock.               B. With Mrs. Jones.
C. By car.                     D. To the Grand Theater.
3. — What do you do?
 — ___________________.
A. What do you do?          B. Fine, thank you.
C. I’m a college student       D. I do well in my studies.
4. — How many students do you teach?
   — ________________________.
A. Quite a bit.         B. More boys than girls.
C. About 50.          D. Three classes.
5. — Are you from Italy?
—            .
A. Yes, we are.        B. No, we don’t.
C. No, I don’t.         D. No, we won’t.
6. — I’d like to talk to Professor Li, please.
— ___________________.
A. Oh, you have bad luck.
B. He’s stepped out of the office for a little while.
C. I’m sorry that it’s too late.
D. Who are you, please?
7. — What’s happening with the new teaching building?
   — ___________________.
A. It’s not an easy job.
B. I’ve just come back.
C. I’ve never been there before.
D. It’s held up by the bad weather this week.
8. — Do you know John’s new address? Here’s his mail and I want to send it to him.
— ___________________.
A. Sorry, I don’t think I will do this.
B. Well, we used to be roommates.
C. Well, we will never meet again.
D. Sorry, we didn’t get along before he moved.
9. — How do you like the country life here so far?
— ___________________.
A. There is nothing special.
B. It looks like boring.
C. It’s too far from the city.
D. It’s quite different from what I expected.
10. — Seven thirty? I guess I’d better get going for the meeting at eight o’clock. When is the next bus up to the hotel?
— ___________________.
A. That bus leaves here in 15 minutes.   
B. That bus left just now.
C. That bus isn’t here.
D. The bus over there is waiting.
 
三、语法与词汇:30%(答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. Young ______ John was, he was able to swim across the channel within minutes.
A. as      B. so      C. though       D. although
2. ______ the English examination I would have gone to the concert last Saturday.
A. In spite of             B. But for      
C. Because of            D. As for
3. I didn’t remember his name ______ after I had greeted him.
A. when      B. as      C. until         D. while
4. The instruments of the older factory______ .
A. is as good or better than the new one
B. are as good or better than the new one
C. is as good as or better than those of the new one
D. are as good as or better than those of the new one
5. The higher the standard of living, ______ .
A. the greater is the amount of paper is used   
B. the greater amount of paper is used
C. the amount of paper is used is greater      
D. the greater the amount of paper is used
6. Liu Fang studies much better than ________ student in his class.
A. any     B. any other    C. the other    D. other
7.  This western restaurant is superior ________ the one we went to last week.
A. than       B. to      C. as      D. for
8. When spring comes, it gets ________.
  A. warm and warm          B. warm and warmer
C. warmer and warmer       D. more and more warm
9. His father is ________ than his mother.
A. older four years       B. as four years older 
C. four years older       D. four years bigger
10. I think English is ________ than Japanese.
A. much important              B. important   
C. much more important         D. more much important
11. Is this the place ______ the exhibition was held? 
A. where    B. that    C. on which    D. the one
12. She is waiting for the doctor ______ I know will not come.
A. whom      B. who     C. Which      D. that
13.  — Who is John Smith?
 — He is the speaker ______ heard last week.
A. which we would have      B. we would have
C. we                     D. we had
14. Is this museum ______ you visited a few days ago? 
A. where    B. that   C. on which    D. the one
15. A good many proposals were raised by the delegates, ______ was to be expected.
A. that        B. what      C. so       D. as
 
四.英译汉:30%
There is no separation for you between work and home.
Even when at home, your work is the top priority.
 You are totally committed and driven to work, and your happiness is found in your work.
 Work always seems to take precedence over family and leisure time.
You have no social life other than work-related events.
 
(翻译答案必须填写在第1页答卷上,不要在此处答题,否则不得分)
 

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