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福建师范大学2020年8月课程考试《大学英语(2)》作业考核试题【标准答案】

时间:2020-07-22 09:11来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
《大学英语(2)》期末考试A卷 姓名: 学号: 专业: 学习中心: 一、阅读:20% (每小题2分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 二、交际用语20%(每小题2分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 四.英译汉:30% (答
《大学英语(2)》期末考试A卷  

姓名:       
学号:         
专业:
学习中心:



一、阅读:20%  (每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
        


二、交际用语20%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
        


三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
        
11 12 13 14 15
   

四.英译汉:30% (答题请不要超出边框)
In many countries in the world,steps are being taken to stop the damage to our environment from air pollution.
Scientific groups study the damaging effects on plant,animal and human life.
Legislative bodies write laws to control emissions.
Educators in schools and universities teach students about the effects of air pollution.
The first step to solve air pollution is assessment.
(翻译题请在此空白处答题,否则不得分)






















一、阅读:20% (所有答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
( 1 )
The age of space science began less than thirty years ago. But already people have made great discoveries and have done exciting things. They have walked in space, visited the moon, and lived in space laboratories for long periods of time. Some scientists are now working on ways to make it possible for people to live on other planets. They are trying to solve problems of living in space, even though they don’t yet know what all of the problems will be. For example, they don’t’ yet know what problems people would have if they loved being weightless for several years.
If you were a space traveler you might have to spend several months, or even years, in a spaceship. While you were in the ship you wouldn’t live as you usually do. You might have to find new ways to spend your time. Your body would have to adjust to different conditions. And you would have some problems that you never think about here on earth. For example, you would have to have a huge supply of food with you because you can’t go to the supermarket when you’re halfway to another planet. You also would need fresh water and a way to get rid of waste. In fact, there would be many problems to solve in order to live in space.
1. This passage tells us that__________.
A. if you were a space traveler, you had to live in space for some time
B. scientists are trying to solve problems of living in space
C. while you were in the ship you wouldn’t live as you usually do
D. scientists are finding ways to make people live on other planets
2. The sentence “what problems people would have if they loved being weightless” (Para. 1) is probably closest in meaning to ________.
A. people who were light had many problems
B. many problems people would face in space
C. many people who loved to be very light
D. weightless people who loved to have problems
3. The phrase “a huge supple of food” (Para.2) means ________.
A. a huge piece of food          
B. the food that is largely supplied on the market
C. a large amount of food
D. the food at the supermarket
4. While you were in the spaceship, you would NOT _______.
A. need fresh water and a way to get rid of waste
B. have some unusual problems
C. go to the supermarket when you were halfway to another planet
D. find new ways to spend your time
5. It can be concluded from the passage that _________.
A. life in space was interesting and exciting
B. if you were a space traveler, you had to stay in space
C. there would be many problems if you wanted to live in space
D. it was easy to enjoy oneself in space

( 2 )
A young man who lived in London was in love with a beautiful girl. Soon she became his fiancée (未婚妻). The man was very poor while the girl was rich. The young man wanted to make her a present on her birthday. He wanted to buy something beautiful for her, but he had no idea how to do it, as he had very little money. The next morning he went to a shop. There were many fine things there: gold watches, diamond… but all these things were too expensive. There was one thing he could not take his eyes off. It was a beautiful vase. That was a suitable present for his fiancée. He had been looking at the vase for half an hour when the manager of the shop noticed him. The young man looked so pale, sad and unhappy that the manager asked what had happened to him.
The young man told him everything. The manager felt sorry for him and decided to help him. A bright idea struck him. The manager pointed to the corner of the shop. To his great surprise the young man saw a vase broken into many pieces. The manager said: "When the servant enters the room, he will drop it."
On the birthday of his fiancée the young man was very excited. Everything happened as had been planned. The servant brought in the vase, and as he entered the room, he dropped it. There was horror on everybody's face. When the box was opened, the guests saw that each piece was packed separately.
6. The story took place ______.
A. in France            B. in the United States
C. in Germany          D. in England
7. Which of the following is true?
A. A rich young man fell in love with a beautiful girl.
B. The young man had enough money to buy a beautiful vase.
C. The young man loved the girl but the girl didn't love him.
D. The young man's family was poor while the beautiful girl is rich.
8. Why did the young man want to buy a present for the girl?
A. He wanted to give her a Christmas present.
B. He fell in love with her.
C. Her birthday was coming soon.
D. They were going to get married.
9. Why did the shop manager come to talk to the young man?
A. He looked very excited.
B. He was poorly dressed.
C. He looked pale and sad.
D. He said he wanted to buy a beautiful vase.
10. On the birthday of his fiancée, the young man was excited because ______.
A. the girl was in love with him
B. the girl looked beautiful
C. he was not sure whether his trick would be seen through
D. the girl was happy and gay

二、交际用语(此部分共有10个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请你从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。) 20%  (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. — Are you from Italy?
—            .
A. Yes, we are.          B. No, we don’t.
C. No, I don’t.          D. No, we won’t.
2. — How’s your mother doing?
—________________________.
A. She is very kind.          B. She is very well.
C. She is not very old.        D. She is doing shopping now.
3. — How did Mr. Jones get to the cinema?
—________________________.
A. At 10 o’clock.             B. With Mrs. Jones.
C. By car.                   D. To the Grand Theater.
4. — Do you think this is a nice place?
—________________________.
A. That’s right.             B. You’re right.
C. No, it’s not here.          D. Yes, I think so.
5. — What do you think of your new teacher?
— ________________________.
A. He came to teach us last week.      
B. He teaches us English.
C. He has two children.              
D. He is very nice.
6. — What’s happening with the new teaching building?
   — ___________________.
A. It’s not an easy job.
B. I’ve just come back.
C. I’ve never been there before.
D. It’s held up by the bad weather this week.
7. — Do you know John’s new address? Here’s his mail and I want to send it to him.
— ___________________.
A. Sorry, I don’t think I will do this.
B. Well, we used to be roommates.
C. Well, we will never meet again.
D. Sorry, we didn’t get along before he moved.
8. — Seven thirty? I guess I’d better get going for the meeting at eight o’clock. When is the next bus up to the hotel?
— ___________________.
A. That bus leaves here in 15 minutes.   
B. That bus left just now.
C. That bus isn’t here.
D. The bus over there is waiting.
9. — Why are you interested in working for our company?
— ___________________.
A. Because I need to support my family.
B. Because your company has a good reputation.
C. Because I just graduated from university.
D. Because you can give me a high salary.
10. — Are you looking forward to going home for the summer?
   — ___________________.
  A. Yes, I do.
B. No, I don’t. 
  C. I’m counting the days.
D. I’m so worried about the final.

三、语法与词汇:30%(答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. Economics, several courses of which I have taken thus far, ________ to be difficult but useful for almost all students.
A. prove  B. proves  C. have been proved  D. are proved
2. A thousand miles no longer ____ much to us today, for modern jets can easily get us to a great distance within a matter of a few hours.
A. meant     B. means   C. mean   D. will mean
3. The company official ___ I thought would be fired received a raise.
A. whom   B. whoever   C. who   D. which
4. The machine is such ______ I have never seen before.
A. what    B. as     C. when       D. where
5. The time will come ____ man can fly_____he likes in the universe.
A. how ... where        B. when ... wherever     
C. where ... where       D. what ... which
6. The instruments of the older factory______ .
A. is as good or better than the new one
B. are as good or better than the new one
C. is as good as or better than those of the new one
D. are as good as or better than those of the new one
7. The higher the standard of living, ______ .
A. the greater is the amount of paper is used   
B. the greater amount of paper is used
C. the amount of paper is used is greater      
D. the greater the amount of paper is used
8. I didn’t remember his name ______ after I had greeted him.
A. when   B. as   C. until    D. while
9. _____ the 1500’s_____the first Europeans explored the coast of California.
A. It was not until ... when      B. It is until ... that
C. It is not until ... when        D. It was not until ... that
10. ______ he works hard, I don’t mind when he finishes the experiment.
A. As soon as   B. As well as   C. So far as    D. So long as
11. The patient isn’t out of danger. He is ________ than how he was yesterday.
   A. no better   B. worst     C. not worse    D. not more
12. Liu Fang studies much better than ________ student in his class.
A. any     B. any other     C. the other    D. other
13. This year the farmers have produced twice ______ grain ______they did last year.
  A. as less ... as            B. fewer ... than    
C. as much ... as           D. as many ... as
14. The secretary and treasurer of our company ______ the meeting.
A. were to attend        B. are to attend  
C. is attend             D. is to attend
15. — The trousers _______ you well, madam.
— But the color _______ me.
A. fit ... don’t suit    B. fits ... doesn’t suit
C. fits ... don’t suit   D. fit ... doesn’t suit

四.英译汉:30%
In many countries in the world,steps are being taken to stop the damage to our environment from air pollution.
Scientific groups study the damaging effects on plant,animal and human life.
Legislative bodies write laws to control emissions.
Educators in schools and universities teach students about the effects of air pollution.
The first step to solve air pollution is assessment.
(翻译答案必须填写在第1页答卷上,不要在此处答题,否则不得分)
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