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福建师范大学2020年8月课程考试《大学英语(1)》作业考核试题【标准答案】

时间:2020-07-23 09:07来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
《大学英语(1)》期末考试A卷 姓名: 学号: 专业: 学习中心: 一、阅读: 20% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 二、交际用语 20% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 三、语法与词汇: 30% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 四.英译
《大学英语(1)》期末考试A卷  
 
姓名:       
学号:         
专业:
学习中心:
 
 
 
一、阅读:20%  (每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
 
 
二、交际用语20%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
 
 
三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
11 12 13 14 15  
           
 
四.英译汉:30% (答题请不要超出边框)
(翻译题请在此空白处答题,否则不得分)
First of all, successful language learners are independent learners.
They do not depend on the book or the teacher;
they discover their own way to learn the language.
Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves.
They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusion.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
一、阅读:20% (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
( 1 )
Someday in the future we may not need to have money in our pockets. Is life easier when people don’t need to carry any coins for currency at all? Is money heavy to carry? Is it safe to carry money? Maybe in the future each of us will have only one small plastic credit card. We will use it to buy all the things we now buy with money. We will not need money to pay for things.
Of course we may still have some of the same problems with cards that we now have with money. Sometimes we lose money. Maybe will lose the cards. People steal money. Maybe someone will take the card. Someone may even make a card that looks like our card. Since we can’t buy anything without our cards, the credit card may be no better than currency.
Is there something even easier to use than credit cards? All of us have a thumbprint. No two thumbprints are the same. Maybe someday the government will keep people’s thumbprints with a number. No person will have the same thumbprint or number. When you want to buy something you will put your t thumb on a machine or a computer. Each store or business will have one. Everyone’s thumbprint will be in the computers. It will be very difficult to lose our thumbprint. It will be difficult for someone to steal it or to make one like it.
1. The word “currency” (Para. 1) most probably means __________.
A. plastic cards   B. money   C. coins    D. goods
2. According to the passage, we all need _______.
A. coins               B. some kind of money   
C. credit cards          D. currency
3. Our thumbprints may be used in the future because ________.
A. every thumbprint is difficult to lose or make   
B. each store will have a computer
C. they will help each store
D. computers need them
4. Which of the following statements gives the main idea of the second paragraph?
A. Credit cards are worse than currency.
B. Currency may not be more of a problem than credit cards.
C. We use credit cards because people steal money.
D. We have many problems with money.
5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. There is something easier to use than credit cards.
B. There are no problems with currency.
C. Every person will have a different thumbprint number.
D. There are some problems with the use of credit cards.
 
 ( 2 )
The angry woman stood by the station. “ The railway owes me £12,”she said to Harry Jenks, the booking clerk (订票员). “My ticket was for May 22nd, and there was no ship from Jersey that night. My daughter and I had to stay in a hotel. It cost me £12.”
Harry was worried. He remembered selling the woman a return ticket. “Come into the office, madam,” he said, “I’ll just check the Jersey timetable for May 22nd.”
The woman and her little girl followed him inside. She was quite right, as Harry soon discovered. There was no sailing on May 22nd. How ever had he made such a big mistake? Wondering what to do, he smiled at the child. “You look healthy,” he said to her. “Did you have a nice holiday in Jersey?”
“Yes,” she answered. “The beach was beautiful. And I can swim too!”
“That’s fine,” said Harry. “My little girl can’t swim a bit yet. Of course, she’s only three-----”
“I’m four,” the child said proudly. “I’ll soon be four and a half.”
Harry turned to the mother. “I remember your ticket, madam,” he said. “But you didn’t get one for your daughter, did you?”
“Er, well-----” The woman looked at the child. “I mean-----she hasn’t started school yet. She’s only four.”
“A four-year-old child must have a ticket, madam. A child’s return to Jersey costs----let me see----£13.50. So if the railway pays your hotel bill, you will owe £1.50. The law is the law, but since we have made a mistake-----”
The woman stood up, took the child’s hand and left the office.
6. The angry woman went to the station __________.
A. to buy a ticket for her daughter
B. to ask the railway to pay her hotel bill
C. to have a friendly talk with the booking clerk
D. to buy the Jersey timetable
7. Harry had a talk with the girl in order to _________.
A. please the girl and her mother
B. find out how old the girl was and whether the girl had been to Jersey
C. get some information about Jersey
D. find out how many days they spent in Jersey
8. The hotel bill is __________.
A. more than the cost of a child’s ticket
B. exactly the same as the cost of a child’s ticket
C. less than the cost a child’s ticket
D. more than the cost of a woman’s ticket
9. The child is ___________ years old.
A. two     B.  four      C.  three      D.  five
10. A girl of _________ should buy a ticket according to the law of the railway.
A.  three     B.  four     C.  five      D.  six
 
二、交际用语(此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。) 20%  (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. — I must go now. The plane will leave in half an hour. Thank you for seeing me off.
  —____________
  A. Good luck.                           B. Be careful.  
  C. Best Wishes.                           D. Hurry to catch the plane.
2. —What can I do for you?
—Yes, _______________
  1. I’d like to see that shirt, please.           B. I’m afraid not.
C. may I invite you to dinner?                  D. I just have a look.
3. — Mr. Smith, must we hand in our composition next Monday?
—____________
  A. Yes, you will.                   B. Yes, you must. It’s the deadline.
  C. No, you mustn’t.             D. You can wait.
4. — I think the movie is really exciting and touching.
 —____________
  A. So am I.                                 B. So do I. 
  C. Neither do I.                           D. The same to you.
5. — Guess what? I passed the English exam!
— ________________
  A. That’s fine.                                    B. It’s OK.
  C. Congratulations!                            D. Believe it or not.
6. —Tom, this is Hack, Fred is ill in hospital.
— Oh, _________
A. it’s sad.                                                 B. it’s bad.
C. I’m sorry to hear that.                          D. that’s not good.
7. —Do you mind if I smoke here?
   —__________
A. Yes, certainly not.                          B. No, please don’t.
C. Sorry, it’s forbidden here.             D. Yes, I mind.
8. — You’ve won the basketball game. Congratulations!
—____________
A. Oh, not really.                               B. No one else could do it.
C. Thank you. We’re really lucky.      D. It’s good of you to say so.
9. — Excuse me, Sir. Could you hold the suitcase for me? 
—____________
A. It’s a pleasure.                B. My pleasure.             
C. I could.                          D. With pleasure.
10. — It’s really nice of you to give me a hand in time! 
—____________
A. Thank you.                     B. No, no.              
C. With pleasure.             D. It’s my pleasure.
 
三、语法与词汇:30%(答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. ______ you _______ there before?
A. Have, been          B. Have, gone         
C. Have, been to        D. Have, gone to
2. Tom ___________ his lessons from seven to eight last night.
A. was doing           B. had done             
C. were taken           D. had been taken
3. One ___________ if one breaks the law.
A. will be punished        B. will punish     
C. is being punished       D. has been punished
4. Middle school boys __________ not to smoke.
A. always tell          B. are told always       
C. are always told       D. is always told
5. If you study hard, you __________ the examination.
A. has passed          B. are passing           
C. have passed         D. will pass
6. I’m afraid I can’t finish the work_________ to help me.
A. unless you will come      B. unless you come  
C. until you will come        D. until you shall come
7. We can go when the ground _______.
A. is drying    B. has dried      C. dried     D. dry
8. Working hours in the United States ______ over the past 20 years.
A. have increased             B. increased
C. were increasing            D. have been increased
9. Much _______ in the past few years.
A. has done       B. did    C. has been done    D. was done
10. Because of the rainy day, the match __________.
A. has been putting off           B. has put off
C. put off                     D. has been put off
11. We all believe that computer ______ smaller and smaller in the coming years.
A. can be become             B. will be got
C. will be changed            D. can turn
12. He ______ not to leave waste paper in public places any more.
A. warns      B. warned    C. is warned     D. was warned
13. Don’t worry. Everything will ________ in time.
A. be finished      B. finish   C. finished    D. be finishing
14. It _________hard when I left the house.
 A. is raining   B. rains     C. was raining   D. will rain
15. The wheat_________ cut three days ago.
A. were     B. has been       C. had       D. was
 
四.英译汉:30%
First of all, successful language learners are independent learners.
They do not depend on the book or the teacher;
they discover their own way to learn the language.
Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves.
They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusion.
 
(翻译答案必须填写在第1页答卷上,不要在此处答题,否则不得分)

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