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20春 天津大学 专升本 大学英语 入学测试【标准答案】

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天大 专升本 大学英语 一、 单选题 (共 50 道试题,共 100 分) Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. The Mother Goose Stories, so well known to children all over the word, are commonly said to have been
天大 专升本 大学英语
 
一、 单选题 (共 50 道试题,共 100 分)
Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. The Mother Goose Stories, so well known to children all over the word, are commonly said to have been written by a little old woman for her grandchildren. According to some people, she lived in Boston, and her real name was Elizabeth Vergoose. Her son-in-law, a printer named Thomas Fleet, was supposed to have published the famous stories and poems for small children in 1719. However, no copy of this book has ever been found, and most scholars doubt the truth of this story—and doubt, moreover, that Mother Goose was ever a real person. They point out that the name is a direct translation of the French “Mere I’ Oye.” In 1697 the Frenchman Charles Perrault published the first book in which this name was used. The collection contains eight tales, including “Sleeping Beauty,” “Cinderella,” and “Puss in Boots.” But Perrault did not originate these stories; they were already quite popular in his day, and he only collected them. 1. What is suppssed to have happened in 1719? A.Elizabeth Vergoose wrote the first Mother Goose Stories. B.Thomas Fleet published the Mother Goose Stories. C.The Mother Goose Stories were translated into French. D.Charles Perrault published the first Mother Goose Stories.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. Every organism produces waste products no longer useful to itself and which _______ to accumulate would in fact be harmful.
 
 
Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. One of the greatest problems for those settlers in Nebraska in the last quarter of the previous century was fuel. Little of the state was forested when the first settlers arrived and it is probable that by 1880, only about one-third of the originally forested area remained, down to a mere 1 percent of the state’s 77,000 square miles. With wood and coal out of the question, and with fuel needed year-round for cooking, and during the harsh winter months for heating, some solution had to be found. Somewhat improbably, the buffalo provided the answer. Buffalo chips (干粪块) were found to burn evenly, hotly, and cleanly, with little smoke and interestingly, no odor, Soon, collecting them became a way of life for the settlers’ children who would pick them up on their way to and from school, or take part in competitions designed to counteract their natural reluctance. Even a young man, seeking to impress the girl he wanted to marry, would arrive with a large bag of chips rather than with a box of candy or a bunch of flowers. 4. Which of the following does the author not express surprise at? A.The children needed competitions to them. B.The buffalo chips gave off no smell. C.Buffalo chips were the answer to the settlers’ fuel problem. D.Young men took bags of buffalo chips to their girl friend
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. The first popularly chosen president has ____________ the political representatives over the slow pace of economic change.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. Responsibilities _________________ becoming a father.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. Life insurance, _______ available only to young, healthy persons, can now be obtained for old people.
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Insure means to protect _1_ a loss of money. Most people can budget their money so that their income will cover expected expenses _2_ food, clothing, housing, and public services. But, there is no way to know _3_ who will suffer a crisis (危机) such as a serious illness, fire, flood, or a car accident. Such crises usually _4_ great expense. Even if people could predict crises, it would be hard to save enough money to _5_ the expenses. Insurance is a system _6_ a company collects money from many individuals and then pays certain expenses whenever one of those insured individuals is faced with a certain crisis. An insurance policy _7_ how much the insurance costs and how much the company will pay when a policy holder is faced with a certain crisis. There are many different kinds of insurance, _8_ hospital, motor-car and fire. Insurance can be rather expensive but most people buy insurance of some kind. Insurance is something _9_ people buy and hope they will _10_ need. 5.A. cover B. pay back C. fill D. make full
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. If you ___________ in your rent again, you may get thrown out.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. People who cannot __________ between colors are said to be color-blind.
 
 
Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. Banks are not ordinarily prepared to pay out all accounts; they rely on depositors (储户) not to demand payment all at the same time. If depositors should come to fear that a bank is not safe, that it cannot pay off all its depositors, then that fear might cause all the depositors to appear on the same day. If they did, the bank could not pay all accounts. However, if they did not all appear at once, then there would always be enough money to pay those who wanted their money when they wanted it. Mrs. Elsie Vaught has told us of a terrifying bank run that she experienced. One day in December of 1925 several banks failed to open in a city where Mrs. Vaught lived. The other banks expected a run the next day, and so the officers of the bank in which Mrs Vaught worked as a teller had enough money on hand to pay off their depositors. The officers simply told the tellers to pay on demand. The next morning a crowd gathered in the bank and on the sidewalk outside. The length of the line made many think that the bank could not possibly pay off everyone. People began to push and then to fight for places near the tellers’ windows, The power of the panic atmosphere was such that two tellers, though they knew that the bank was quite all right and could pay all depositors, drew their own money from the bank. Mrs Vaught says that she had difficulty keeping herself from doing the same. 1. A bank run happens when _______. A.a bank is closed for one or more days B.too many depositors try to draw out their money at one time C.there is not enough money to pay all its depositors at one time D.tellers of a bank take their own money from the bank
 
 
Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. Unless we get more money, we’ll be ____________ finishing this enquiry program.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. That man looks familiar to me. He reminds _______ Dr. Richards.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. _______ is easily seen.
 
 
Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. Banks are not ordinarily prepared to pay out all accounts; they rely on depositors (储户) not to demand payment all at the same time. If depositors should come to fear that a bank is not safe, that it cannot pay off all its depositors, then that fear might cause all the depositors to appear on the same day. If they did, the bank could not pay all accounts. However, if they did not all appear at once, then there would always be enough money to pay those who wanted their money when they wanted it. Mrs. Elsie Vaught has told us of a terrifying bank run that she experienced. One day in December of 1925 several banks failed to open in a city where Mrs. Vaught lived. The other banks expected a run the next day, and so the officers of the bank in which Mrs Vaught worked as a teller had enough money on hand to pay off their depositors. The officers simply told the tellers to pay on demand. The next morning a crowd gathered in the bank and on the sidewalk outside. The length of the line made many think that the bank could not possibly pay off everyone. People began to push and then to fight for places near the tellers’ windows, The power of the panic atmosphere was such that two tellers, though they knew that the bank was quite all right and could pay all depositors, drew their own money from the bank. Mrs Vaught says that she had difficulty keeping herself from doing the same. 4. Which of the following did Mrs. Vaught say? A.She know that the bank was not sound. B.She feared that too many depositors drawing their money would close the bank. C.She was not able to draw out her money. D.She was tempted to draw out her money.
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. This is an old story. People tell it to children all over the world. Cinderella’s father and mother _1_. She lived with her aunt. Her aunt had two daughters. All of them Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her _2_ in the house all day long. One day, the Prince was _3_. The king asked all the ladies in the land to come to a great dance. _4_ the dance the Prince would choose his wife. When Cinderella heard about the dance, she wanted to go. Her aunt and the ugly sisters laughed and said, “You can’t go.” Then they went off to the dance. Poor Cinderella sat by the fire _5_. _6_ she heard a gentle voice saying, “Don’t cry, Cinderella, you shall go to the dance. I will help you.” Cinderella _7_ and saw a little old lady. She waved her stick at Cinderella. Suddenly she was wearing a wonderful dress. “Now go to the dance.” said the little lady. Cinderella enjoyed the dance very much. The Prince danced with her _8_. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve. She hurried back home. She lost one of her glass shoes _9_. The next day, the Prince sent men to all parts of the country with the glass shoe. “If anyone can wear this small shoe,” he said, “She must be the beautiful lady, and I will marry her.” When the men brought the shoe to the ugly sisters, they both pretended _10_ the shoe, but their feet were big and the shoe was small. The man laughed. “Let Cinderella try.” Said one of the men. Cinderella put the shoe on easily. Then the Prince married her, and they lived happily ever after. 7.A. looked up B. looked at C. looked for D. looked down
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. This is an old story. People tell it to children all over the world. Cinderella’s father and mother _1_. She lived with her aunt. Her aunt had two daughters. All of them Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her _2_ in the house all day long. One day, the Prince was _3_. The king asked all the ladies in the land to come to a great dance. _4_ the dance the Prince would choose his wife. When Cinderella heard about the dance, she wanted to go. Her aunt and the ugly sisters laughed and said, “You can’t go.” Then they went off to the dance. Poor Cinderella sat by the fire _5_. _6_ she heard a gentle voice saying, “Don’t cry, Cinderella, you shall go to the dance. I will help you.” Cinderella _7_ and saw a little old lady. She waved her stick at Cinderella. Suddenly she was wearing a wonderful dress. “Now go to the dance.” said the little lady. Cinderella enjoyed the dance very much. The Prince danced with her _8_. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve. She hurried back home. She lost one of her glass shoes _9_. The next day, the Prince sent men to all parts of the country with the glass shoe. “If anyone can wear this small shoe,” he said, “She must be the beautiful lady, and I will marry her.” When the men brought the shoe to the ugly sisters, they both pretended _10_ the shoe, but their feet were big and the shoe was small. The man laughed. “Let Cinderella try.” Said one of the men. Cinderella put the shoe on easily. Then the Prince married her, and they lived happily ever after. 5.A. to cry B. crying C. to be crying D. to be cried
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. We finally __________ an agreement after a lot of hard bargaining.
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Insure means to protect _1_ a loss of money. Most people can budget their money so that their income will cover expected expenses _2_ food, clothing, housing, and public services. But, there is no way to know _3_ who will suffer a crisis (危机) such as a serious illness, fire, flood, or a car accident. Such crises usually _4_ great expense. Even if people could predict crises, it would be hard to save enough money to _5_ the expenses. Insurance is a system _6_ a company collects money from many individuals and then pays certain expenses whenever one of those insured individuals is faced with a certain crisis. An insurance policy _7_ how much the insurance costs and how much the company will pay when a policy holder is faced with a certain crisis. There are many different kinds of insurance, _8_ hospital, motor-car and fire. Insurance can be rather expensive but most people buy insurance of some kind. Insurance is something _9_ people buy and hope they will _10_ need. 9.A. which B. that C. as D. like
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. England took arms against _______ enemy.
 
 
Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. He _______ lives in the house where he was born.
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. This is an old story. People tell it to children all over the world. Cinderella’s father and mother _1_. She lived with her aunt. Her aunt had two daughters. All of them Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her _2_ in the house all day long. One day, the Prince was _3_. The king asked all the ladies in the land to come to a great dance. _4_ the dance the Prince would choose his wife. When Cinderella heard about the dance, she wanted to go. Her aunt and the ugly sisters laughed and said, “You can’t go.” Then they went off to the dance. Poor Cinderella sat by the fire _5_. _6_ she heard a gentle voice saying, “Don’t cry, Cinderella, you shall go to the dance. I will help you.” Cinderella _7_ and saw a little old lady. She waved her stick at Cinderella. Suddenly she was wearing a wonderful dress. “Now go to the dance.” said the little lady. Cinderella enjoyed the dance very much. The Prince danced with her _8_. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve. She hurried back home. She lost one of her glass shoes _9_. The next day, the Prince sent men to all parts of the country with the glass shoe. “If anyone can wear this small shoe,” he said, “She must be the beautiful lady, and I will marry her.” When the men brought the shoe to the ugly sisters, they both pretended _10_ the shoe, but their feet were big and the shoe was small. The man laughed. “Let Cinderella try.” Said one of the men. Cinderella put the shoe on easily. Then the Prince married her, and they lived happily ever after. 9.A. on the steps B. within the steps C. in the steps D. under the steps
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. This is an old story. People tell it to children all over the world. Cinderella’s father and mother _1_. She lived with her aunt. Her aunt had two daughters. All of them Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her _2_ in the house all day long. One day, the Prince was _3_. The king asked all the ladies in the land to come to a great dance. _4_ the dance the Prince would choose his wife. When Cinderella heard about the dance, she wanted to go. Her aunt and the ugly sisters laughed and said, “You can’t go.” Then they went off to the dance. Poor Cinderella sat by the fire _5_. _6_ she heard a gentle voice saying, “Don’t cry, Cinderella, you shall go to the dance. I will help you.” Cinderella _7_ and saw a little old lady. She waved her stick at Cinderella. Suddenly she was wearing a wonderful dress. “Now go to the dance.” said the little lady. Cinderella enjoyed the dance very much. The Prince danced with her _8_. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve. She hurried back home. She lost one of her glass shoes _9_. The next day, the Prince sent men to all parts of the country with the glass shoe. “If anyone can wear this small shoe,” he said, “She must be the beautiful lady, and I will marry her.” When the men brought the shoe to the ugly sisters, they both pretended _10_ the shoe, but their feet were big and the shoe was small. The man laughed. “Let Cinderella try.” Said one of the men. Cinderella put the shoe on easily. Then the Prince married her, and they lived happily ever after. 3.A. old enough to be married with B. old enough to marry C. old enough to marry with D. old enough to be married
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Insure means to protect _1_ a loss of money. Most people can budget their money so that their income will cover expected expenses _2_ food, clothing, housing, and public services. But, there is no way to know _3_ who will suffer a crisis (危机) such as a serious illness, fire, flood, or a car accident. Such crises usually _4_ great expense. Even if people could predict crises, it would be hard to save enough money to _5_ the expenses. Insurance is a system _6_ a company collects money from many individuals and then pays certain expenses whenever one of those insured individuals is faced with a certain crisis. An insurance policy _7_ how much the insurance costs and how much the company will pay when a policy holder is faced with a certain crisis. There are many different kinds of insurance, _8_ hospital, motor-car and fire. Insurance can be rather expensive but most people buy insurance of some kind. Insurance is something _9_ people buy and hope they will _10_ need. 6.A. that B. by which C. what D. where
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. This is an old story. People tell it to children all over the world. Cinderella’s father and mother _1_. She lived with her aunt. Her aunt had two daughters. All of them Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her _2_ in the house all day long. One day, the Prince was _3_. The king asked all the ladies in the land to come to a great dance. _4_ the dance the Prince would choose his wife. When Cinderella heard about the dance, she wanted to go. Her aunt and the ugly sisters laughed and said, “You can’t go.” Then they went off to the dance. Poor Cinderella sat by the fire _5_. _6_ she heard a gentle voice saying, “Don’t cry, Cinderella, you shall go to the dance. I will help you.” Cinderella _7_ and saw a little old lady. She waved her stick at Cinderella. Suddenly she was wearing a wonderful dress. “Now go to the dance.” said the little lady. Cinderella enjoyed the dance very much. The Prince danced with her _8_. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve. She hurried back home. She lost one of her glass shoes _9_. The next day, the Prince sent men to all parts of the country with the glass shoe. “If anyone can wear this small shoe,” he said, “She must be the beautiful lady, and I will marry her.” When the men brought the shoe to the ugly sisters, they both pretended _10_ the shoe, but their feet were big and the shoe was small. The man laughed. “Let Cinderella try.” Said one of the men. Cinderella put the shoe on easily. Then the Prince married her, and they lived happily ever after. 10.A. to put on B. putting on C. to wear D. to have on
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Insure means to protect _1_ a loss of money. Most people can budget their money so that their income will cover expected expenses _2_ food, clothing, housing, and public services. But, there is no way to know _3_ who will suffer a crisis (危机) such as a serious illness, fire, flood, or a car accident. Such crises usually _4_ great expense. Even if people could predict crises, it would be hard to save enough money to _5_ the expenses. Insurance is a system _6_ a company collects money from many individuals and then pays certain expenses whenever one of those insured individuals is faced with a certain crisis. An insurance policy _7_ how much the insurance costs and how much the company will pay when a policy holder is faced with a certain crisis. There are many different kinds of insurance, _8_ hospital, motor-car and fire. Insurance can be rather expensive but most people buy insurance of some kind. Insurance is something _9_ people buy and hope they will _10_ need. 4.A. result from B. make C. take D. result in
 
 
Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. One of the greatest problems for those settlers in Nebraska in the last quarter of the previous century was fuel. Little of the state was forested when the first settlers arrived and it is probable that by 1880, only about one-third of the originally forested area remained, down to a mere 1 percent of the state’s 77,000 square miles. With wood and coal out of the question, and with fuel needed year-round for cooking, and during the harsh winter months for heating, some solution had to be found. Somewhat improbably, the buffalo provided the answer. Buffalo chips (干粪块) were found to burn evenly, hotly, and cleanly, with little smoke and interestingly, no odor, Soon, collecting them became a way of life for the settlers’ children who would pick them up on their way to and from school, or take part in competitions designed to counteract their natural reluctance. Even a young man, seeking to impress the girl he wanted to marry, would arrive with a large bag of chips rather than with a box of candy or a bunch of flowers. 3. The passage implies that buffalo chips were needed _______. A. in greater amounts in summer B. in greater amounts in winter C. only in summer D. only in winter
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. He thought he could talk Mr. Robinson _______ buying some expensive equipment .
 
 
Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. Researchers have found that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep is important to human beings. This type of sleep generally occurs four or five times during one night of sleep lasting five minutes to forty minutes for each occurrence. The deeper a person’s sleep becomes, the longer the periods of rapid eye movement. There are physical charges in the body to show that a person has changed from NREM (non-rapid eye movement) to REM sleep. Breathing becomes faster, the heart rate increases, and, as the name implies, the eyes begin to move quickly. Accompanying these physical changes in the body is a very important characteristic of REM sleep. It is during REM sleep that a person dreams. 5. Which of the following is the best title of the article? A. REM Sleep B. Two Types of Sleep C. Sleepers D. What Happens to Sleepers
 
 
London is _______ capital of Britain, and it is ________ great city, too.
 
 
A: _______time do you have lunch? B:I usually have lunch at 12.
 
 
I have worked in this university _______ 1980.
 
 
A:How about seeing a film this evening? B:Yes, _______.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. They were under the _________ that the company was doing well, but in fact it was in serious trouble.
 
 
On my way home, I quite often _______ the milk man.
 
 
When _______for London?
 
 
It's a long way to get there. This is _______ we started so early.
 
 
He is a good student. He never _______late.
 
 
I don't know _______ to explain it.
 
 
Mary _______ brown eyes and golden hair.
 
 
Just wait for a moment! I'll get the car _______.
 
 
Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Not long ago, there lived in Auckland a working family who dreamed about a house of their own. Anyone then could read in the newspapers about the building companies who offered to put people into a new house 1 only a $1,000 deposit. Of course, the remainder had to be paid off with interest over a period of twenty years or so. The worker and his wife hopefully went to one of these companies 2 this wonderful offer. And the man in the office said. “Yes, sure. You bring along $1,000 and we can 3 you with a new house.” So the worker and his wife had to work hard and in twelve months’ time they returned to the building man with $1,000. But the man in the office said, “Look, I’m sorry, 4 we’ll need $1,500 now. Costs have gone up since we saw you last, you know.” The couple thought it over and decided it would not take very long to save the extra $500 if they worked hard. In six moths they worked 5 overtime and saved the $500 in spite of the high rent they had to pay for their flat. Back to the building man they 6 with their $1,500. But to their surprise he 7 the deposit was now $3,000. Now somewhat wiser, the worker said, “And the next time, I dare say we’ll find the deposit rising once more. How have we 8 save the extra $1,500?” “Well”, said the man, “I think we can stabilize the situation for about twelve months. By the time you come with $3,000, we will have had the house 9 for you. The couple left, sad at heart as they saw their dream house 10 . By the time they had saved the extra $1.500, no doubt the deposit would have become still higher, maybe $5,000, then $10,000 and then…! 9. A. sold B. paid C. prepare D. ready
 
 
Rose is _______ easy-going than Frank in the interview.
 
 
A: Whose book is this? B: It's _______.
 
 
Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence. With the increasing of environmental awareness, many green belts _______ all over the country.
 
 
A:Where do _______live? B:_______home is in London.
 
 
If you _______ mistake, you _______ pass the exam.
 
 
He came here a year _______, and I have been here _______ two years. A. ago, for B. before, in C. before, for
 
 
I'll just go and _______ what's going on outside.
 
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