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福建师范大学18年8月课程考试《大学英语(1)》作业考核试题【答案】

时间:2018-07-25 08:32来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
福建师范大学网络与继续教育学院 《大学英语(1)》期末考试A卷 姓名: 学号: 专业: 学习中心: 一、阅读:20% (每小题2分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 二、交际用语20%(每小题2分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
福建师范大学网络与继续教育学院
《大学英语(1)》期末考试A卷  

姓名:       
学号:         
专业:
学习中心:



一、阅读:20%  (每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
        


二、交际用语20%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
        


三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
        
11 12 13 14 15
   

四.英译汉:30% (答题请不要超出边框)
Drinking habits vary widely among Americans. Some families never serve any drinks, others have them before dinner, or perhaps after dinner. You are more likely to be offered a cocktail before dinner than wine with the meal. If you do not get used to American cocktails, you can ask for something else. Moreover, drinks may be poured over ice.
(翻译题请在此空白处答题,否则不得分)























一、阅读:20% (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
( 1 )
Researches say people traveling in traffic are three times more likely to suffer a heart attack. They say the risk of a heart attack is greatest within an hour of being in traffic.
The findings are based on a German study of almost 700 people who suffered heart attacks. The patients described their activities during the four days before their heart attack. Researchers found that those who had been in traffic were three times more likely to have a heart attack within one hour, compared to those who had not been in traffic. Most of those in the study had been traveling by car. But some had been on bicycles and others were on buses.
Research shows that people in cars and buses are exposed to ten times the amount of pollutants as people walking on the street. That is largely because they breathe in the particles and gasses released from the vehicles in front of them.
Over time, these small particles speed the buildup of a sticky substance in the blood. This can cause blockages(阻塞) to form in the arteries(动脉) around the heart and lead to a heart attack.
Other studies have also linked heart trouble to stress, similar to the kind that people face while driving in heavy traffic. But the researchers of the latest study say they do not know whether the increased heart attack risk was the result of stress or pollution. They suggest it may be a combination of stress, noise and pollution. Experts say the research shows the need fro cleaner vehicles and better city planning.
1. According to the study, which of the following ways is the safest in traffic?
  A. Driving a car             B. Walking on the street
C. Taking a bus              D. Riding a bicycle
2. From among the 700 people who suffered heart attacks we learn that ______.
  A. those who have been in traffic are three times as many as those who have not
  B. those who have been in traffic for more than one hour are most likely to suffer heart attacks
  C. the risk of a heart attack is three higher among those who have been in traffic than those who have not
  D. Most of the subjects (实验对象) felt uncomfortable during the four days before the attack
3. The particles released from vehicles ______.
A. build up in the blood     
B. become blockages in the arteries
C. make the blood more sticky   
D. do harm to the heart
4. According to the studies, which of the following is NOT a likely cause of heart attack?
  A. Stress    B. Noise    C. Air pollution    D. Traffic accident
5. What suggestion do experts make to lower the risk?
  A. Reducing traffic as much as possible.
  B. Living away from nose.
  C. Planting more trees in the city.
  D. Making vehicles clean.

( 2 )
The angry woman stood by the station. “ The railway owes me £12,”she said to Harry Jenks, the booking clerk (订票员). “My ticket was for May 22nd, and there was no ship from Jersey that night. My daughter and I had to stay in a hotel. It cost me £12.”
Harry was worried. He remembered selling the woman a return ticket. “ Come into the office, madam,” he said, “ I’ll just check the Jersey timetable for May 22nd .”
The woman and her little girl followed him inside. She was quite right, as Harry soon discovered. There was no sailing on May 22nd. How ever had he made such a big mistake? Wondering what to do, he smiled at the child. “You look healthy,” he said to her. “ Did you have a nice holiday in Jersey?”
“ Yes,” she answered. “ The beach was beautiful. And I can swim too!”
“ That’s fine,” said Harry. “ My little girl can’t swim a bit yet. Of course, she’s only three-----”
“ I’m four,” the child said proudly. “ I’ll soon be four and a half.”
Harry turned to the mother. “ I remember your ticket, madam,” he said. “ But you didn’t get one for your daughter, did you?”
“ Er, well-----” The woman looked at the child. “ I mean-----she hasn’t started school yet. She’s only four.”
“ A four year old child must have a ticket, madam. A child’s return to Jersey costs----let me see----£13.50. So if the railway pays your hotel bill, you will owe £1.50.The law is the law, but since we have made a mistake-----”
The woman stood up, took the child’s hand and left the office.
6. The angry woman went to the station __________.
A. to buy a ticket for her daughter
B. to ask the railway to pay her hotel bill
C. to have a friendly talk with the booking clerk
D. to buy the Jersey timetable
7. Harry had a talk with the girl in order to _________.
A. please the girl and her mother
B. find out how old the girl was and whether the girl had been to Jersey
C. get some information about Jersey
D. find out how many days they spent in Jersey
8. The hotel bill is __________.
A. more than the cost of a child’s ticket
B. exactly the same as the cost of a child’s ticket
C. less than the cost a child’s ticket
D. more than the cost of a woman’s ticket
9. The child is ___________ years old.
A. two     B.  four      C.  three      D.  five
10. A girl of _________ should buy a ticket according to the law of the railway.
A.  three     B.  four     C.  five      D.  six

二、交际用语(此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。) 20%  (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. — Are you free tonight, Jenny? How about going to the concert together?
—______________
A. I don’t think so.      B. Never mind.  
C. Take it easy.  
D. I’d like to, but I have to drive my mother home tonight.
2. — What is your major, Jack?
—_______________
A. I study very hard.  B. I’m learning course.
C. I major English.   D. I’m majoring in computer science.
3. — Mary, help yourself to some salad.
  —____________
A. I don’t like salad.       B. Sorry, I can’t help.
C. Thanks, but I’ve had enough.  D. No, I can’t.
4. — Excuse me, sir. Are you ready to order your meal, please?
— _____________
A. Yes, I can.      B. Please don’t order it.
C. Yes, I want a pizza and some soup.   D. No, I am not.
5. — Have you ever been to the Great Wall in Beijing?
   —__________
A. Yes, I am .     B. No, I don’t.
C. No, I’ve never been there.  D. Certainly, I went there.
6. — Guess what? I passed the English exam!
— ________________
  A. That’s fine.      B. It’s OK.
  C. Congratulations!    D. Believe it or not.
7. —Tom, this is Hack, Fred is ill in hospital.
— Oh, _________
A. it’s sad.       B. it’s bad.
C. I’m sorry to hear that.    D. that’s not good.
8. —Do you mind if I smoke here?
   —__________
A. Yes, certainly not.     B. No, please don’t.
C. Sorry, it’s forbidden here.   D. Yes, I mind.
9. — I must go now. The plane will leave in half an hour. Thank you for seeing me off.
  —____________
  A. Good luck.      B. Be careful.  
  C. Best Wishes.    D. Hurry to catch the plane.
10. —What can I do for you?
—Yes, _______________
A. I’d like to see that shirt, please.  B. I’m afraid not.
C. may I invite you to dinner?   D. I just have a look.

三、语法与词汇:30%(答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. Her application for the position _______________ by the boss.
A. was refused               B. was refusing
C. refused                   D. is refusing
2. The event _________ at the time last year.
A. happens                    B. happened
C. is happened                 D. was happened
3. Much ____________ in the past few years.
A. has done                     B. did
C. has been done                 D. was done
4. Because of the rainy day, the match __________.
A. has been putting off            B. has put off
C. put off                       D. has been put off
5. By the end of 2020 China _____________ much stronger and richer.
A. will become             B. would become         
C. is becoming             D. will have become
6. It _______________ years since I last saw you.
A. was     B. is        C. will be       D. has been
7. The room _____________ often cleaned by the worker.
A. has     B. will be        C. was           D. is
8. He said that he________ to the United States.
A. had never been          B. had never gone      
C. was never              D. has never been
9. This time last year I___________ my holiday in the countryside.
A. have                B. was having      
C. am having           D. have had
10. “Where is Mary?”
“She__________ to school.”
 A. will go     B. has been     C. has gone      D. went
11. Tom ___________ his lessons from seven to eight last night.
A. was doing            B. had done            
C. were taken           D. had been taken
12. He ______________ thin. What’s happened to him?
A. was getting            B. is getting            
C. will getting            D. had been got
13. I __________ my homework now.
A. finish               B. finished             
C. have finished         D. had finished
14. We all believe that computer ___________ smaller and smaller in the coming years.
A. can be become            B. will be got
C. will be changed           D. can turn
15. He ___________________ not to leave waste paper in public places any more.
A. warns                  B. warned
C. is warned               D. was warned

四.英译汉:30%
Drinking habits vary widely among Americans. Some families never serve any drinks, others have them before dinner, or perhaps after dinner. You are more likely to be offered a cocktail before dinner than wine with the meal. If you do not get used to American cocktails, you can ask for something else. Moreover, drinks may be poured over ice.

(翻译答案必须填写在第1页答卷上,不要在此处答题,否则不得分)
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