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福建师范大学2021年2月课程考试《大学英语(1)》作业考核试题【标准答案】

时间:2021-01-16 14:55来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
《大学英语(1)》期末考试A卷 姓名: 学号: 专业: 学习中心: 答 卷 (本试卷所有客观题答案必须填入如下答卷表格中,否则不得分) 一、阅读: 20% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 二、交际用语 20% (每小题 2 分) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 三、语法与词汇:
《大学英语(1)》期末考试A卷  
                 
姓名:       
学号:         
专业:
学习中心:
 
答  卷
(本试卷所有客观题答案必须填入如下答卷表格中,否则不得分)
 
一、阅读:20%  (每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
 
 
二、交际用语20%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
 
 
三、语法与词汇:30%(每小题2分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
                   
11 12 13 14 15  
           
 
四.英译汉:30% (答题请不要超出边框)
If you’re traveling abroad and need to book airfare, do not book the first flight you find.
If you want to find cheap airfare, you need to compare prices.
Search online and call the airlines to see what deals you can find.
The Internet is filled with airfare discounts and cheap air tickets.
 
(翻译题请在此空白处答题,否则不得分)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
一、阅读:20% (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
( 1 )
Television, the modern wonder of electronics, brings the world into your own home in sight and sound. And the word ‘television’ means seeing far.
Television works in much the same way as radio. In radio, sound is changed into electromagnetic waves which are sent through the air. Experiments leading to modern television took place more than a hundred years ago. By the 1920s inventors and researchers had turned the early theories into working models. Yet it took another thirty years for TV to become industry.
The influence of TV on the life of the people is incalculable: it can influence their thoughts and their way of life. It can also add to their store of knowledge. Educational TV stations offer teaching in various subjects. Some hospitals use TV for medical students to get close-up views of operations. At first television programs were broadcast in black-and-white. With the development of science and technology, the problem of how to telecast them in full color was solved and by the middle 1960s the national networks were broadcasting most of their programs in color.
The programs that people watch are not only local and national ones. Since the launching of the first communications satellite, more and more programs are telecast ‘live’ from all over the world. People in San Francisco were able to watch the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo. And live telecasts now come form outer space. In 1969, the first astronauts to land on the moon televised their historic ‘moon walk’ to viewers on the earth. Since then, astronauts have regularly sent telecast to the earth.
1. The launching of communications satellites make it possible for people in San Francisco to ________.
A. get close-up views of operations      
B. watch the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo
  C. store knowledge
  D. watch national programs
2. The development of science and technology made it possible for television programs to ______.
  A. be telecast in San Francisco   B. be telecast in full color
  C. be telecast in Tokyo         D. be telecast in black-and-white
3. The word ‘incalculable’ means ______.
  A. easy to tell   B. difficult to tell  C. very great  D. very small
4. Television is said to be the modern wonder of electronics, because_____.
A. it influences people’s way of life  
B. it brings the world into people’s own home in sight and sound
  C. it works as radio
  D. it makes people see far
5. Television became an industry in ______.
  A. 1950   B. the 1950s   C. the 1920s   D. the 1960s
 
( 2 )
In many homes, divorce is caused by the “battle between the sexes”. To understand the problem, one must remember that modern American woman is freed. During childhood and youth, the American girl is given freedom and education which is equal to a boy’s. After completing school, she is able to get a job and support herself. She doesn’t have to marry for financial security. She considers herself an independent, self-sufficient person. She wants a husband whom she can respect. She wants a democratic household in which she has a voice in making decisions. When a husband and wife are able to share decision-making, their marriage is probably closer, stronger, and more satisfying. Otherwise, the couple is likely to wind up in the divorce court.
When a couple gets divorced, the court usually requires the man to pay his former wife a monthly sum of money. If the couple has children, they usually remain with the mother, and the father is expected to pay for their support.
Although divorce is quite common in the United States, 80 percent of those who get divorced remarry. The remarriages allow thousands of people, especially children, to enjoy family life again, but at the same time many troubles have arisen. A well-known American joke tells of a wife calling to her second husband, “Quick, John! Come here and help me! Your children are beating up our children!”
6. What does the passage mainly discuss?
  A. Financial trouble in the family.
  B. Different attitudes between husband and wife towards children’s education.
  C. Women’s liberation movement.
  D. Lack of democratic atmosphere in the household often leads to divorce.
7. What do you know of modern American women according to the passage?
  A. They are overbearing.
  B. They respect their husbands, but do not listen to them.
  C. They do not have much to say in the household.
  D. They are more independent than ever before.
8. What kind of marriage can be successful according to the passage?
  A. Both the man and woman are financially secure.
  B. husband and wife share housework.
  C. Decisions are made by the man and woman together.
  D. Both the man and woman are well-educated.
9. What happens when a couple is divorced according to the passage?
  A. The children become homeless.
  B. The man, rather than the woman, remarries soon.
  C. Life becomes difficult for the woman and her children.
  D. The man is still held responsible for the welfare of his children.
10. What does the well-known joke suggest?
  A. Remarriages often end up in failure.
  B. Children are unhappy in the new family.
  C. The mother is not respected by the stepchildren.
  D. Remarriage causes new troubles in the household.
 
二、交际用语(此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中,选出一个最佳选项。) 20%  (答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. — I must go now. The plane will leave in half an hour. Thank you for seeing me off.
  —____________
  A. Good luck.                           B. Be careful.  
  C. Best Wishes.                          D. Hurry to catch the plane.
2. —What can I do for you?
—Yes, _______________
  1. I’d like to see that shirt, please.          B. I’m afraid not.
C. may I invite you to dinner?                  D. I just have a look.
3. — Mom, I’m very sorry for having broken the plate.
— Oh, boy, ____________
A. it doesn’t matter.             B. no problem.                 
C. that’s right.               D. thank you.
4. —Excuse me, could you please tell me how to get to the railway station? 
—____________
  A. No, I couldn’t.                B. Sorry, I don’t know. I’m new here. 
  C. I couldn’t tell you.           D. You can’t ask me.
5. —I want to look up a new word. Could you lend me your dictionary?
 —____________
  A. Yes, I can.                                      B. Here you are. 
  C. Sorry, I don’t think so.                  D. You can take it.
6. — You’ve won the basketball game. Congratulations!
—____________
A. Oh, not really.                              
B. No one else could do it.
C. Thank you. We’re really lucky.                         
D. It’s good of you to say so.
7. —  Would you mind doing me a favor now?
—____________
A.       No, of course.                   B. Yes, help yourself.      
C. No, of course not.                   D. Sure, go ahead.
8. — Excuse me, Sir. Could you hold the suitcase for me? 
—____________
A. It’s a pleasure.             B. My pleasure.         
C. I could.                 D. With pleasure.
9. — It’s really nice of you to give me a hand in time! 
—____________
A. Thank you.                   B. No, no.                
C. With pleasure.         D. It’s my pleasure.
10. — How soon do you want to leave for the picnic?
—____________
A. Sooner or later.                       B. Be Quick.
C. As I like.                                 D. In an hour.
 
三、语法与词汇:30%(答案必须填在答卷表格里,否则不得分)
1. Tom ___________ his lessons from seven to eight last night.
A. was doing            B. had done            
C. were taken           D. had been taken
2. He ______________ thin. What’s happened to him?
A. was getting            B. is getting            
C. will getting            D. had been got
3. I __________ my homework now.
A. finish               B. finished             
C. have finished         D. had finished
4. We all believe that computer ___________ smaller and smaller in the coming years.
A. can be become            B. will be got
C. will be changed           D. can turn
5. He ___________________ not to leave waste paper in public places any more.
A. warns                  B. warned
C. is warned               D. was warned
6. It _______________ years since I last saw you.
A. was     B. is        C. will be       D. has been
7. The room _____________ often cleaned by the worker.
A. has     B. will be        C. was           D. is
8. He said that he________ to the United States.
A. had never been          B. had never gone      
C. was never              D. has never been
9. This time last year I___________ my holiday in the countryside.
A. have                B. was having      
C. am having           D. have had
10. “Where is Mary?”
“She__________ to school.”
 A. will go     B. has been     C. has gone      D. went
11. Her application for the position _______________ by the boss.
A. was refused               B. was refusing
C. refused                   D. is refusing
12. The event _________ at the time last year.
A. happens                    B. happened
C. is happened                 D. was happened
13. Much ____________ in the past few years.
A. has done                     B. did
C. has been done                 D. was done
14. Because of the rainy day, the match __________.
A. has been putting off            B. has put off
C. put off                       D. has been put off
15. By the end of 2020 China _____________ much stronger and richer.
A. will become             B. would become         
C. is becoming             D. will have become
 
四.英译汉:30%
If you’re traveling abroad and need to book airfare, do not book the first flight you find.
If you want to find cheap airfare, you need to compare prices.
Search online and call the airlines to see what deals you can find.
The Internet is filled with airfare discounts and cheap air tickets.
(翻译答案必须填写在第1页答卷上,不要在此处答题,否则不得分)

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